Numbers of Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations in National

Occupation group

Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations

Year Number
2001 9,917,660
2002 10,067,080
2003 10,216,620
2004 10,507,390
2005 10,797,700
2006 11,029,280
2007 11,273,850
2008 11,438,550
2009 11,218,260
2010 11,027,340
2011 11,218,710
2012 11,546,880
2013 11,914,590
2014 12,277,720
2015 12,577,080
2016 12,981,720
2017 13,193,090
2018 13,374,620

Individual occupations

Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers

Year Number
2012 914,970
2013 950,270
2014 985,470
2015 1,013,460
2016 1,042,750
2017 1,058,870
2018 1,093,000

Chefs and Head Cooks

Year Number
2001 114,930
2002 120,430
2003 118,870
2004 116,930
2005 115,850
2006 104,080
2007 100,130
2008 98,040
2009 94,300
2010 90,510
2011 90,300
2012 97,370
2013 107,730
2014 118,130
2015 129,370
2016 134,190
2017 131,430
2018 128,600

First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers

Year Number
2001 659,380
2002 661,050
2003 694,040
2004 733,680
2005 748,550
2006 769,320
2007 788,750
2008 805,360
2009 791,750
2010 773,400
2011 787,540
2012 817,600
2013 842,540
2014 867,340
2015 884,090
2016 908,550
2017 927,440
2018 964,400

Cooks and Food Preparation Workers

Year Number
2012 2,870,010
2013 2,978,730
2014 3,077,690
2015 3,147,210
2016 3,190,940
2017 3,207,700
2018 3,218,110

Cooks

Year Number
2012 2,084,640
2013 2,154,650
2014 2,227,470
2015 2,284,470
2016 2,340,280
2017 2,375,000
2018 2,403,510

Cooks, Fast Food

Year Number
2001 601,570
2002 582,630
2003 612,960
2004 652,500
2005 631,190
2006 612,020
2007 575,510
2008 559,160
2009 539,520
2010 525,350
2011 502,450
2012 504,740
2013 507,940
2014 519,910
2015 520,010
2016 513,200
2017 503,780
2018 487,510

Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria

Year Number
2001 418,180
2002 416,710
2003 406,010
2004 401,110
2005 393,500
2006 375,210
2007 372,450
2008 370,920
2009 383,540
2010 387,700
2011 396,970
2012 395,280
2013 399,940
2014 402,800
2015 404,980
2016 409,850
2017 404,120
2018 400,320

Cooks, Private Household

Year Number
2004 650
2005 830
2006 900
2007 950
2008 960
2009 770
2010 400
2011 370
2012 540
2013 590
2014 560
2015 380
2016 370
2017 500
2018 460

Cooks, Restaurant

Year Number
2001 674,050
2002 715,520
2003 734,870
2004 765,670
2005 791,450
2006 825,840
2007 878,990
2008 899,620
2009 898,820
2010 901,310
2011 947,060
2012 1,000,710
2013 1,057,550
2014 1,104,790
2015 1,150,760
2016 1,217,370
2017 1,276,510
2018 1,340,810

Cooks, Short Order

Year Number
2001 228,710
2002 223,030
2003 227,360
2004 225,740
2005 203,350
2006 189,610
2007 177,450
2008 168,770
2009 166,140
2010 171,780
2011 168,320
2012 162,320
2013 167,480
2014 180,800
2015 193,170
2016 183,990
2017 174,230
2018 155,840

Cooks, All Other

Year Number
2004 10,780
2005 12,100
2006 12,940
2007 15,440
2008 17,340
2009 19,210
2010 19,460
2011 20,700
2012 21,050
2013 21,160
2014 18,600
2015 15,160
2016 15,490
2017 15,870
2018 18,570

Food Preparation Workers

Year Number
2001 855,800
2002 836,540
2003 852,890
2004 863,700
2005 880,360
2006 871,470
2007 873,470
2008 880,480
2009 849,400
2010 802,650
2011 775,140
2012 785,370
2013 824,080
2014 850,220
2015 862,740
2016 850,670
2017 832,690
2018 814,600

Food and Beverage Serving Workers

Year Number
2012 6,485,990
2013 6,678,930
2014 6,883,630
2015 7,054,960
2016 7,355,090
2017 7,515,370
2018 7,630,110

Bartenders

Year Number
2001 427,010
2002 453,390
2003 470,020
2004 463,000
2005 480,010
2006 485,120
2007 498,090
2008 503,420
2009 492,480
2010 495,350
2011 512,230
2012 538,220
2013 555,560
2014 579,700
2015 589,150
2016 603,320
2017 613,350
2018 631,480

Fast Food and Counter Workers

Year Number
2012 3,378,030
2013 3,474,600
2014 3,607,860
2015 3,703,110
2016 3,925,640
2017 4,053,160
2018 4,150,030

Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food

Year Number
2001 2,054,250
2002 2,000,070
2003 2,047,100
2004 2,140,740
2005 2,298,010
2006 2,461,890
2007 2,602,950
2008 2,708,840
2009 2,695,740
2010 2,692,170
2011 2,799,430
2012 2,943,810
2013 3,022,880
2014 3,131,390
2015 3,216,460
2016 3,426,090
2017 3,576,220
2018 3,676,180

Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop

Year Number
2001 428,780
2002 466,270
2003 461,700
2004 458,610
2005 501,390
2006 524,410
2007 541,370
2008 527,530
2009 490,980
2010 446,660
2011 441,830
2012 434,220
2013 451,730
2014 476,470
2015 486,650
2016 499,550
2017 476,940
2018 473,860

Waiters and Waitresses

Year Number
2001 1,981,810
2002 2,086,120
2003 2,125,100
2004 2,219,850
2005 2,274,770
2006 2,312,930
2007 2,357,040
2008 2,371,750
2009 2,302,070
2010 2,244,480
2011 2,289,010
2012 2,332,020
2013 2,403,960
2014 2,445,230
2015 2,505,630
2016 2,564,610
2017 2,584,220
2018 2,582,410

Food Servers, Nonrestaurant

Year Number
2001 191,030
2002 193,980
2003 194,260
2004 186,770
2005 188,750
2006 183,700
2007 185,530
2008 188,390
2009 194,950
2010 205,330
2011 221,000
2012 237,740
2013 244,820
2014 250,840
2015 257,070
2016 261,520
2017 264,630
2018 266,190

Other Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers

Year Number
2012 1,275,900
2013 1,306,660
2014 1,330,930
2015 1,361,450
2016 1,392,950
2017 1,411,160
2018 1,433,400

Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers

Year Number
2001 389,580
2002 404,210
2003 393,500
2004 390,980
2005 391,320
2006 401,790
2007 401,070
2008 416,410
2009 402,020
2010 390,920
2011 391,290
2012 395,750
2013 409,700
2014 410,460
2015 412,830
2016 423,080
2017 436,730
2018 455,700

Dishwashers

Year Number
2001 488,180
2002 499,070
2003 492,620
2004 497,650
2005 498,620
2006 502,770
2007 509,550
2008 521,150
2009 512,990
2010 505,950
2011 504,280
2012 501,910
2013 498,110
2014 502,280
2015 505,000
2016 506,450
2017 503,540
2018 504,770

Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop

Year Number
2001 286,750
2002 295,170
2003 294,300
2004 316,400
2005 328,930
2006 340,390
2007 342,960
2008 349,990
2009 334,310
2010 329,020
2011 329,070
2012 341,400
2013 360,970
2014 372,670
2015 391,150
2016 404,360
2017 414,540
2018 416,950

Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other

Year Number
2004 62,620
2005 58,730
2006 54,900
2007 52,160
2008 50,420
2009 49,260
2010 44,890
2011 41,730
2012 36,850
2013 37,880
2014 45,520
2015 52,470
2016 59,060
2017 56,350
2018 55,980